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Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the students or the developers got an excellent opportunity to learn and develop a new programming language. I know there are lots of programming language options to form. Here are four programming languages which too popular and one should learn at least one of these languages.

Python vs Ruby.

Well, for beginners, Python and Ruby programming language is considered to be their best friend. Both of these languages are objected Oriented Programming(OOP) language but still, they are not the same.


Python is a programming language used for many purposes like web app development, fintech, machine learning, and many more. Python uses the English keyword for programming as the best language in terms of easy reading. It is formatting visually clustered. Unlike other languages, Python does not use curly brackets to delimit blocks, and also use of semicolons is also optional. Compared to languages like C or Pascal, Python has fewer syntactic exceptions and special cases. In Python, conversion from source code to bytecode can create a log since Python is an imperative language.


On the other hand, Ruby is a general-purpose object-oriented programming language that is considered to be easy to read and write. Ruby is a blend of Perl, Lisp, Ada, Smalltalk, Eiffel type of the programming language. Ruby is also used for the small and ad hoc scripting task. For front-end and server-side development, it uses Ruby on Rail(RoR), which is an open-source web framework. The only cons of using Ruby is that it is considered to have a slow startup speed.


Kotlin has been announced as the official programming language Google uses for android app development. It was first created to streamline Android app development and is a static type programming language. It is considered to be interoperable with Java as it shared various attributes with Java Language. Learning Kotlin is considered to be easy, but at the same time considered to be more complex than Java. Like any other language, it also has various drawbacks. But, one of the major drawbacks of Kotlin is that of its small community which only provides a limited number of problem-solving options.


Kotlin was developed by Google for android app development. Like Google, Apple also developed its own programming language, Swift with the intention of iOS app development. but over the period it is now also been used as a programming language to developed Android apps. Apple introduced Swift in the year 2014 at WWDC(Worldwide Developers Conference). Swift is basically developed for it to work on Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and is considered to be the large body of existing Objective-C code which is written for Apple products. The compiler of Swift targets ARM and x86 architecture. Swift is used to strictly promote coding standards and inferring types. Talking about Linux users, Swift may seem like an immature programming language.

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